THE POPULATION OF UZBEKISTAN
The population of Uzbekistan is 31575.3 thousand people (for January 1, 2016), of which 51% is urban. The average population density is 65.8 people on 1 square. km. According to the number of inhabitants, Uzbekistan ranks third among the CIS countries, after the Russian Federation and Ukraine.
The bulk of the population are Uzbeks, which account for almost 80% of the total population. Uzbekistan is a multinational republic, with representatives of more than 100 nations and nationalities..
January 14 - Day of Defenders of the Motherland
This holiday in independent Uzbekistan is celebrated in honor of the creation of its own Armed Forces. On January 14, 1992, the parliament of the country decided to transfer all units and formations, military educational institutions and other military formations stationed on the territory of the country to the jurisdiction of the Republic of Uzbekistan. This was the beginning of the creation of our own Armed Forces. On December 29, 1993, the day of January 14 was declared as the Day of Defenders of the Motherland.
March 8 - International Women's Day
In Uzbekistan, this holiday is celebrated as a holiday of love, kindness and beauty, and also known as "Mother's Day".
March 21 - Navruz
The oldest national holiday Navruz (translated from Farsi Navruz means "a new day") is celebrated on March 21 and is considered as the beginning of the new year. As you know March 21 is the day of the spring equinox. The duration of the day and night is the same - 12 hours. In the run-up to this holiday, many Uzbek families cook national dishes such as Sumalak, Halim, Cook Somsa, Palov and others. These dishes contain many vitamins that are useful to the human body.
With the attainment of the independence of the country, the ancient customs and traditions of the Uzbek people were revived, the Navruz holiday was also restored, and the celebration gained new scope and depth. It became a national holiday of friendship, unity, brotherhood of all nations. In bright theatrical performances revealed the philosophical and poetic comprehension of Navruz and its place in the history of people. Nowadays Navruz is solemnly celebrated every year.
May 9 - Day of Memory and Honor
In 1999, on 9 May, the majestic Memorial Square was opened in the capital of Uzbekistan and since that time on May 9, the Day of Memory and Honor has been celebrated. This holiday in independent Uzbekistan is celebrated in honor of the memory of our compatriots who for centuries heroically, selflessly defended our native land, its freedom and independence, the peaceful life of our people. In addition, this holiday is considered a day of reverence for the person, in this day people visit their relatives, especially made a big respect for the elderly people.
September 1 - Independence Day
The main national holiday of the Republic of Uzbekistan is Independence Day. This holiday is celebrated annually on September 1 ceremonially and colorfully. The national holiday epitomizes all the dreams and expectations of the entire Uzbek people, which are based on the basic principles of friendliness, solidarity, charity, mutual respect.
Representatives of various nations living in Uzbekistan, despite their nationality, religion, social status, are all actively celebrating the holiday in each street, squares as well as those people who live in the mahallas and in the regions.
October 1 - Day of teachers and mentors
Every year, Uzbekistan celebrates the Day of Teachers and Mentors. Deep respect for the teacher took root in our region from the ancient times. "Domla", "Muallim", "Ustoz" - these words for many centuries with gratitude and reverence were uttered by pupils who received from their teachers not only knowledge of academic disciplines, but also instructions for respectful attitude to people, love for the Motherland, a high morality and spirituality.
Pupils of schools and educational institutions deeply revere all those who gave them the first life knowledge. On this day, the students gratefully give flowers and gifts, make a frank confession for their hard work in life.
December 8 - Constitution Day
The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan was adopted by the Parliament on December 8, 1992. This holiday is celebrated all over Uzbekistan.
This holiday is known as Ruza Hayit, it coincides with the 9th month (Hijri) according to the Muslim calendar. The holiday includes a religious fast - Uraza, which lasts 30 days, and this is considered a ritual of spiritual and moral purification. The conditions of fasting include following: not taking any water and meal starting from sunrise and till the sunset; saving yourself from bad thoughts, assumptions; being in respect with all the surrounding ones and do as much as possible of good to others.
After the performance of this rite on the last day begins a holiday that lasts three days - Ramadan Hayit. The first day of Ramadan Hait is considered to be the day for the rest (not a working day).
Religious holiday Kurbon Hayit is one of the greatest holidays in the world, which is celebrated by Muslims. The sources of this holiday are the ancient stories associated with the prophet Ibrahim, who in the name of faith wanted to sacrifice his own son to Allah, but his actions stopped the good spirits and instead told him to sacrifice animals such as sheep, camels, etc. . The holiday lasts three days and these days all Muslims celebrate this holiday with their families and relatives. Especially in these festive days people visit their relatives and friends, as well as those who are sick and need help. The first day of Kurbon Hait is considered to be not a working day.