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Climate and weather 4.5

Description

The Republic of Uzbekistan is located in the central part of Central Asia, in the interfluve of the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya.

The extreme northern point of Uzbekistan lies on the northeast of the Ustyurt plateau, the southern one near the city of Termez on the Amudarya bank, the western one on the Ustyurt plateau, and the eastern one in the southeast of the Fergana valley. The distance between the extreme northern and extreme southern point of Uzbekistan is 925 km, between the western and eastern - 1400 km.

Geographically, Uzbekistan is located at about the same latitude as the Mediterranean states, such as Spain, Italy, Greece. However, the natural conditions of Uzbekistan are very different from the natural conditions of these subtropical countries. This is due to the fact that the territory of our republic is significantly removed from the warm oceans and seas, as it is located inside the Eurasian continent. From the south, high mountains impede the penetration of moist and warm air masses (monsoons) from the Indian Ocean, but the way to the cold air currents is open from the north. In this regard, Uzbekistan has a special, desert-specific climate (summer is cloudless, with lots of sunny days, arid, hot, and winter is relatively cold).

The largest part of the border of Uzbekistan passes through the plains, a little part through the steppes and mountains. In the north and north-west the republic borders with Kazakhstan, in the east - with Kyrgyzstan, in the south-east - with Tajikistan, in the south-west - with Turkmenistan. In the south of Surkhandarya Valley along the Amu Darya River, our republic borders with Afghanistan.

The area of Uzbekistan is 448.9 thousand square km. In terms of the size of the territory, Uzbekistan is inferior to Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, but at the same time it occupies a larger area in comparison with such European states as Great Britain (2 times), Italy, Denmark (4 times), Switzerland (10 times) Belgium (14 times).

Animal world. The fauna of the country is very diverse: in the desert there is a rare saiga antelope and a varan, reaching a length of 1.5 m. In the mountains there is a snow leopard and rare species of mountain goats.

Mountain system. Mountains and foothills make up about 1/5 of the territory of the republic. There are mid-mountain and high-altitude forms of relief prevail in the East: within the republic there are slopes or endings of the ridges of the Western Tien-Shan (Ugamsky, Pskemsky, Chatkal, Kuraminsky) and Pamir-Alai ridges (Zeravshan, Turkestan, Gissar, Kugitangtau, Baysuntau). To the south and west, they gradually go down and pass into the plains.There are quite large depressions between the mountains stretches: Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Zeravshan, Samarkand. The largest intermontane depression is the Fergana hollow (valley) - 370 kilometers, and in width reaches 190 kilometers. It is framed by mountain ranges on three sides and only from the west it is opened. On the border with Afghanistan there is a vast Priamudarya depression.

Climate

The climate is sharply continental. It  has significant fluctuations in daytime and night, summer and winter temperatures. Summer is hot, dry and very sunny. The average July temperature is from +22 ° C to +32 ° C. Winter is short, but cool. The average January temperature is +4 ° C to -8 ° C.

From the end of June to the beginning of August, a forty-day period of heat - "chilla" - begins in Uzbekistan. In the daytime, the air warms up to +55 ° C, and at night does not fall below +30 ° C. However, due to low humidity, heat at this time of year is much easier transferred  than, for example, in Russia.

Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) are mostly the most pleasant seasons for travel. Autumn is harvest time, and markets are filled with fresh fruit. For those who enjoy hiking, the summer months will be the best time, because the summer in Uzbekistan is almost dry.

In recent years, the climate of Uzbekistan has changed markedly due to global warming and the drying out of the Aral Sea, after which the snowy cold winters become soft with less rain, allowing to travel in winter.

Month

Average MAX

Average MIN

Average

Average

Sludge

Average

MAX

Average MIN

Aver.

Aver.

Sludge

Jan

42°F

26°F

33°F

2.20 in.

6°C

-3°C

1°C

55.9 мм

Feb

46°F

29°F

36°F

1.90 in.

8°C

-2°C

2°C

48.3 мм

March

57°F

39°F

48°F

2.80 in.

14°C

4°C

9°C

71.1 мм

April

71°F

49°F

60°F

2.50 in.

22°C

9°C

16°C

63.5 мм

May

81°F

56°F

69°F

1.30 in.

27°C

13°C

21°C

33.0 мм

June

91°F

63°F

78°F

0.30 in.

33°C

17°C

26°C

7.6 мм

July

96°F

66°F

82°F

0.20 in.

36°C

19°C

28°C

5.1 мм

Aug

93°F

63°F

78°F

0.10 in.

34°C

17°C

26°C

2.5 мм

Sep

83°F

54°F

68°F

0.20 in.

28°C

12°C

20°C

5.1 мм

Oct

69°F

45°F

56°F

1.30 in.

21°C

7°C

13°C

33.0 мм

Nov

57°F

38°F

46°F

1.80 in.

14°C

3°C

8°C

45.7 мм

Dec

47°F

31°F

38°F

2.10 in.

8°C

-1°C

3°C

53.3 мм

 

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