80 kilometers south of Samarkand, behind the high-mountain pass Takhta-Karacha is one of the most beautiful and picturesque cities of Uzbekistan - Shakhrisabz. Regardless to the time when to go to this ancient city, it is appeared as a huge green garden for the travelers. And if you come in the evening, Shakhrisabz will be decorated with lights of street lamps.
Looking at its well-kept modern look, you can not say that this small town is 2700 years old, and that it played a significant role in the history of the Central Asian region. But once Shakhrisabz was the capital of the ancient state of Sughd, however, the city was then called Kesh, and its fame as a center of culture, trade and crafts spread far beyond the borders of the state.
In 329 BC Alexander the Great conquered the city and soon Hellenistic culture took root here, the cult of the Greek gods took shape. During the millennium, Shakhrisabz was influenced by various dynasties, and in the VIII century became a real center of the anti-Arab militia.
But today this beautiful city is known for the most part thanks to Amir Timur (Tamerlane), who was born in the nearby village of Khodja-Ilgar. When he became ruler, he immediately made Shakhrisabz his residence and ordered to build a palace known today as Ak-Sarai. By the way, around the same time the city got its modern name - Shakhrisabz, which in translation from Persian means "Green City".
Today the city has a large number of architectural attractions, and the historic center of the city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The most famous are the ruins of the Ak-Saray Palace, the memorial complex Dor-ut Tilovat, the Kok-Gumbaz mosque, the mausoleums of Dor-us Siadat, Shamsad-Dina Kulyala, Gumbazi-Seyidan.
In addition, the city administration has been planning for many years to build the city so that the ancient monuments of Shakhrisabz will be preserved for future generations.
Ведущее место в экономике города занимают обработка хлопка, консервирование, производство сельскохозяйственной техники, а также народные ремесла. Среди шахрисабзских ремесел наиболее известны ковроткачество, тонкая вышивка, производство тюбетеек.
The leading place in the economy of the city is occupied by cotton processing, canning, production of agricultural machinery, as well as folk handicrafts. Among the Shahrisabz crafts the most famous are carpet weaving, fine embroidery, and the production of skullcaps.
Craftsmanship here has a thousand-year history and for centuries absorbed the culture of the nearest nations, and the products of local craftsmen won many times at various international exhibitions and festivals. In addition, Shakhrisabz is known in winemaker circles for its vintage wines, which have often won first place in international wine contests.
Shakhrisabz also has an important transport significance - through it passes the Great Uzbek Trakt, which repeats the route of the Italian traveler and trader Marco Polo.