Navoi region is a large industrial and cultural center of the country, which has an important place in its economy development. The area of this country is the most largest among other regions except Karakalpakstan. The administrative center is Navoi, named after medieval Uzbek poet and thinker, scholar and statesman Alisher Navoi. The city was built based on the single master plan in the 1960s.
The north-western part of the region is occupied by the Kyzylkum plateau, in the east there are Nuratin mountain ranges, Zarafshan river flows in the south side of the region. Since ancient times the most important trade routes have passed through this territory - the Great Silk Road from China to the Mediterranean and further to Europe, as well as the trade route linking the western and northern countries with India.
The history of the Navoi region is a fusion of the romance of the pioneers with the achievements of science in the development of gold fields. It has become an example of the civil feat of the Kyzylkum developers, who changed the appearance of the desert and laid the foundation for the development of the mining industry of the region and for the construction of industrial cities with developed infrastructure.
Navoi, Zarafshan, Uchkuduk are modern cities grown right in the middle of the red sand of Kyzylkum. They are defended against the scorching sun by coniferous and deciduous trees. The cities and settlements of Navoi region have their own unique color. It is created by the specifics and mode of operation of large industrial enterprises along with the unique way of life of the local population.
Despite its industrial status, there are number of interesting objects for travelers in Navoi region. One of them is the tourist pilgrimage Chashma spring in the Nurata district. Its location is well fitted in for visiting the traditional tourist route traveling from Samarkand to Bukhara. Many tourists visit this place to look at this miracle, one of the most full-flowing springs of Uzbekistan. It beats directly from the ground, every second giving out 200 to 400 liters of pure water. The healing water has the same temperature - 19 degrees Celsius in winter and summer.
Another unique place of pilgrimage of tourists, located directly in the middle of the desert is the Aydarkul Lake. A lake in the desert is not a mirage it is a real miracle of the nature. The fact that a crystal clear lake appeared on the southeastern outskirts of the Kyzyl Kum desert is quite very mysterious.
The tract Sarmishsy located in the southern slope of Karatau, 30-40 km from the regional center is also popular among tourists. This open-air museum is interesting for petroglyphs. The size of the territory of the Sarmishsai "gallery" is very huge - 20 square kilometers, at which more than 10 thousand petroglyphs were preserved. Nearby - burial mounds and sacred places.
According to scientists of the Institute of Archeology, the settlement of the people in this territory occurred already in the Paleolithic epoch (300-15 thousand years BC), and in the Neolithic period (VI-V thousand BC) where lived tribal hunters and fishermen. Moreover the nature of this place is a magnificent with the different types of trees the slopes of which are covered with thick bushes. The gorge is especially beautiful in spring: boundless expanses strewn with bright carpet of tulips and poppies.
Navoi region is also interesting with the architectural monuments. The largest number of them is concentrated in the Karmaninsky district, which borders on the regional center. Much attention today is payed for their preservation. Not far from the airport and FIEZ "Navoi" there are caravanserays Rabat Malik and Sardoba. The local well, which works to this day, has already lost its practical usage. No one drinks water from this well but it is still remains as a unique engineering structure of antiquity. The well does not have underground water sources, as it is designed to preserve moisture collected during precipitation.
Among other architectural monuments of this region and such as the complex Kosim Sheikh, the mausoleum of Mir Said Bahrom, the mosque of Deggaron. The unique monument of the era of Abu Ali ibn Sina, the world's smallest mausoleum Mir Said Bakhrom, built in the 10th-11th centuries, is also preserved here. The monument is notable for the facing of burnt bricks adorning its facade.