Samarkand is situated in the valley of the river Zerafshan. It is the second largest city of Uzbekistan and is of the same age as the city of Babylon or Rome. Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world, aged more than 2750 years, and is undoubtedly the biggest tourist attraction in Uzbekistan. It focused a lot of architectural monuments of different eras. Particular attention is paid to the fact that Samarkand was one of the central cities of Great Silk Road. Among the attractions primarily is to mention the Registan Square, which stretches from the ensemble of Ulugbek madrassas, madrasas Sherdor, and Tilla-Kari. This is central part of the entire city, and majority of trips started from there. Moreover, far from the Registan are many other historical sites.
Another large cluster of architectural monuments is concentrated in the fort Afrasiab, which was once the center of the city, but was subsequently abandoned. Here is a funerary complex Shahi-Zinda and the world-famous mausoleum of Khoja Daniyar, which is annually visited by tens of thousands of pilgrims of the three world religions, Islam, Christianity and Judaism. But apart from these sites around of Samarkand you can see traces of the excavations, where the foundations of houses are clearly visible, traces of streets where people lived more than two thousand years ago.
Also, Samarkand has many mosques and mausoleums, among which worth mentioning Gur Emir, Bibi Khanum, the Ak-Saray, Hazrat-Hyzr and others. To explore the city you need more than one week, but the main attractions can be avoided and for 1 day. Needless to say, that many buildings of Samarkand have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and Samarkand itself can be regarded as a great monument of world culture.
Samarkand is one of the most ancient cities in the world. As other first centers of human civilization - Babylon and Memphis, Athens and Rome, Alexandria and Byzantium - Samarkand was intended to go through many events and shakes.
History of Samarkand goes back in remote days. Archeological finds and chronicle records of eyewitnesses and ancient historians allowed to establish with full reliability that a man lived on the territory of modern city many centuries before the Common Era.