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Site of an ancient town Ayaz-Kala

Selecting the place by anonymous builders for the construction of this fortification is involuntary admiration. Placed on top of a flat, folded by a marbled limestones of the hill, the castle was almost impregnable. From the south, west and north, the fortress is protected by steep slopes of the hill and from the east it is adjoined by an elevated plateau, which is difficult to overcome even for a simple footman. Double walls of Ayaz-Kala, oriented to the cardinal points and built of mud bricks, cover an area of about 3 hectares. The thickness of the outer, preserved to this day ten-wall, is about 2.5 meters, slightly less than the inside. The walls were fortified by semicircular towers spaced at intervals of 11-13 meters. Quite spacious room is equiped inside each tower. It meant that the guards rest there or soldiers could respite during battle.  


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Archaeological monuments


Karakalpakstan Republic, Nukus city


Between the Kyzylkum desert and the spurs of the mountains Sultanuizdag


Toprak Kala

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