Chupan-ata Hill is about 800 hectares and has a height of 826 m above sea level. Top of Chupan-Ata Samarkand is above 100 meters, which illustrates a beautiful view of the city.
Chupan-ata is a legendary and cult place for the residents of Samarkand. According to the myth more than a thousand years before the birth of the Prophet Muhammad countryside to the north-east of the city was a plain. Brutal foreign conquerors approached the town, intending to destroy its inhabitants. Samarkand dwellers, being at that time pagans asked their gods to protect them, but they did not support their requests. Then the townspeople broke all the idols, and began to ask a help from Allah. "God of heaven and earth, east and west," listened to their prayers and at the night before the storm destroyed the army of invaders by hitting a huge stone, moved from the mountains of Syria. Then in the morning residents of Samarkand being saved from the enemy went to look at the mountain appeared out from nowhere and found there a sleeping shepherd. The old man, called Chulpan-ata (Shepherd's father), began to be revered as the savior of the city and protector of herdsmen.