The Republic of Uzbekistan is located between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya. The length of the territory from west to east is 1,425 kilometers and from north to south 930 km.
The territory of Uzbekistan is a peculiar combination of flat and steep terrain. The plains are located on the south-west and north-west and consist of Ustyurt, the Amu-Darya delta and the Kyzyl-Kum desert.
Mountains and foothills are situated in the east and south-east and occupy about a third of the republic. The highest point of the mountains of the republic is 4,643 m.
Between the mountains there are valleys and plains. The largest valley is the Ferghana Valley. It stretches over 370 km. Its width reaches 190 kilometers. The valley is surrounded by mountains from three sides and is opened only from the West.
The largest rivers of both Uzbekistan and Central Asia are Amu Darya and Syr Darya. The total length of the Amu Darya River is 1437 km and the length of the Syr Darya river equals 2137 km.
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