Uzbekistan is a country with an extraordinarily talented people, the talent and skill multiplied by centuries of glorious history as a result give those masterpieces of folk art that will not let you forget about your roots, your culture and your unique ethnicity.
So the history of crafts originates in the depths of centuries, developing rapidly, then slowly and smoothly, but one stage followed another, preserving the traditions and continuity of development.
People in Uzbekistan have been treated water and earth with shrine since ancient times. Without water, there is no life under the hot Asian sun. The Earth is the breadwinner, the beginning of everything, because the first man, as taught by the Koran, was created from clay. On this Earth people from ancient times made their world from the clay. Fortresses and temples were erected from the raw and burnt bricks, from which dwellings were built, baked Uzbek bread was baked in clay-tandyr furnaces.
Above the city, overlapping street noise, there are trumpet sound of the karnai. People rush when they hear this invitation to the celebrations such as a wedding in a mahalla, a holiday, or maybe the opening of an exhibition. Everyone knows that karnai is one of the oldest Uzbek musical instruments, but few people remember that in the Middle Ages it was a military signal instrument.
"The carpet warms the soul and pleases the eye" - this proverb perfectly expresses the importance of carpet making art for Uzbeks. Perhaps, there is no such house in Uzbekistan, where there would be no carpet. By tradition, which was formed in ancient times, carpet products have always been an important part of the decoration of the home, often replacing furniture. Carpets used for carpeting the floor, for wall decoration and always appreciated not only their functional properties, but also artistic merit.
A person of the Western way of life will wonder, for being for the first time in a traditional Uzbek house. And, above all, for the almost lack of furniture. A patterned carpet or pile carpet on the floor, a kurpacha blanket and pillows stacked in niches, a forged chest and a low khan-taht table make up almost all the decor of the room. And even larger embroidered panels - suzane, hung on the walls - an important part of the device and decoration of home life.
The skullcap adorns everyone - the gray hairs of the sage, and the braids of the bride. And a kind fellow without a skullcap on the back of his neck is not a jigit. People's rumor refers to it with a friendly disposition: "The skullcap for dzhigit is not a burden." Or: "There is no one to talk to - refer to the skull-cap." Is it worth remind that the skullcap is "a round or pointed hat with embroidered or woven patterns, a national headgear of many peoples of Central Asia."
It is said that the guest is greeted by clothes and seen off by mind. Indeed, clothes are the first thing that we pay attention to when meeting someone else. And if he is well dressed, it invariably evokes a favorable impression. And the first impression, as you know, is the strongest. Everyone wants to dress beautifully despite the age. And even the eastern women-recluse adorned their veil, designed to hide their figure.
Bukhara craftsmen are famous for their jewelry art and chasing, ceramics and embroidery for centuries. But the genuine, worldwide glory of Bukhara was brought by the art of gold embroidery. Gold embroidery was widely known in the world,. It was known in the countries of the Near East, in the states of Western Europe, in the Caucasus, in Turkey and Afghanistan.
Traveling around Uzbekistan, it is hardly possible to meet a traditional Uzbek house, where there is no any tree ornaments. Local masters lkeen on the tree and valued it a lot since ancient times and artfully crafted it with carvings.
Embossing is a noble profession. Minters compared to a simple tinsmith is like a carpenter-cabinetmaker in comparison with a carpenter. The minters, in order to make a pitcher-oftoba, must own the craft of a foundry, blacksmith, chaser and engraver for metal, a carver and a tinker. In addition to domestic purposes, copper and brass chased ware was always appreciated in Uzbekistan, primarily for artistic qualities, decorating shelves of open built-in closets.
Each traveler, returning from his distant travels, strives to leave a memory of acquaintance with the new country and its people. The souvenir, executed by the hands of a folk master or artisan, will vividly revives the contact with the history and culture of the country. It is known that the basis for many private collections of works of art were collections of souvenirs purchased on trips. Traveling through Uzbekistan - the "golden segment" of the ancient Great Silk Road, leaves an unforgettable impression of the majestic architectural monuments of Samarkand, Shakhrisabz, Bukhara and Khiva, listed by UNESCO as World Heritage. What to choose as a memory of a trip in the art salon or in the shop of an artisan?
The jeweler's craft is one of the oldest on Earth. Initially, jeweleries were served not only as decorations, but also were talismans, and were endowed with magical properties. The earliest finds of such ornaments in Uzbekistan date back to the XII century BC. In the upper reaches of the Chirchik River, bronze bracelets with triangular incisions and ornaments in the form of cosmological spirals were extracted from the burial ground.
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