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​Mosques and madrassas





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Such ancient cities as Samarkand, Bukhara, Termez and Khiva have existed in Uzbekistan more than 2500 years. More than 2,200 monuments of its architecture of the 9th-20th centuries have been preserved in Uzbekistan. Most of them are located in these cities and are included into the World Heritage List of UNESCO.

Looking at the ancient cities of Uzbekistan we recall pictures from “Tales of 1,001 Nights”: the sky is studded with stars, blue cupolas and minarets of mosques are shining in the light of the hanging crescent. They are called relic cities not without reason. The ancient architecture, culture and art were so highly developed and peculiar that they are still amazing us. One of the main architecture features of ancient cities in Central Asia is synthesis of architecture and visual art. That’s why these historical and architectural landmarks take the lead in architecture of Central Asia.

Design secrets of accommodation and municipal buildings, houses of worship were handed down from generation to generation.

There are some glaring examples of it:

- The Kalon Minaret in Bukhara with the Ensemble of the Mosque “Poi Kalyan” and the Madrasa “Mir-i-Arab”;

- Minarets at the Registan Square in Samarkand and the Hazrat Khizr Mosque;

- Minarets of Ichan Kala in Khiva: “Abral-bobo”, “Palvan-Kari”, “Sayid-Sheliker-bai”, “Islam Hodja”, the mosque “Djuma”, “Kalta-Minar” and “Bika-djan-bika”.​

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